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Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

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Rabbi Dovid Fink




Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?


Wednesday 8:00PM
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Course Description

The sages taught us that the zealous performance of mitzvot is swift (זריזין מקדימין למצוות).

Why is zeal equated with performing mitzvot at the first opportunity?

How fast are we required to rush to fulfill a mitzva?

Is it better to rush and minimally fulfill a mitzva or to wait until you can do the mitzva better?

Should a brit mila be scheduled in the early morning or later when more guests can attend?

Must Chanukka candles be lit at the beginning of the night, or can you wait and light them later?

We will survey the opinions of the great poskim on these and related matters.

Texts are in Hebrew; in class we will translate and explain the texts.


About Rabbi Dovid Fink
In addition to being one of Rabbi Brovender's first students, Rabbi Dovid Fink is an outstanding expertᅠand teacher of Halacha. Rabbi Fink received his Rabbinic ordination from ITRI and the Mir and was awarded his Ph.D in Semitic Languages and Linguistics from Yale University. Rav Fink has taught thousands of students from all over the world for over 35 years.


Class Resources & Information

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PREVIOUS CLASSESCLASS DESCRIPTIONHANDOUTSARCHIVES
January 3, 2018 8:00PM - 9:00PM
Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

We begin the sources calling for zeal and speed in the performance of mitsvot.

Exactly how important is it to rush to do a mitsva?

When is it better to wait and perform a mitsva at a later time?

Sources in Hebrew are available through the link. In class we will translate and explain these sources.

 
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January 10, 2018 8:00PM - 9:00PM
Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

1) The opinion of those poskim who hold that Brit Mila should be done as early in the day as possible.

2) The opinion of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, who held that Brit Mila should be delayed until it can be done in a festive manner.

3) Beginning of the text of the Shaarei Gan Eden regarding halachically improper prayers (like prayers recited too late in the day).

 

 
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January 17, 2018 8:00PM - 9:00PM
Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

Today we conclude the text of Shaarei Gan Eden, providing some justification for prayers and other mitsvot performed too late in the day.

Then we begin the issue of drawing conclusion from the deeds of the Patriarchs (Avraham, Yitschak, and Yaakov), who lived before the Torah was given to us at Mt. Sinai.

 

 
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January 24, 2018 8:00PM - 9:00PM
Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

Which is more important: (1) performing a mitsva at the first opportunity with zeal; or (2) delaying the performance of the mitsva so that it can be done in a better way?

 
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January 31, 2018 8:00PM - 9:00PM
Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

According to R. Yosef Karo and the Trumot ha-Deshen, speed is preferable to superior performance of a mitsva when there is some doubt about whether you will be able to do the mitsva later.

Examples: Halitsa with a younger brother when waiting for the elder brother entails delay and kiddush levana during the week when waiting for Saturday night entails a doubt about whether it will be cloudy.

 
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February 7, 2018 8:00PM - 9:00PM
Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

It is correct to delay a mitsva if you are sure that you will be able to perform the mitsva in a better way latter. But if you are in doubt about whether you will be able to perform the mitsva later, you should perform it now without delay.

This leads to a discussion regarding the definition of doubt (safek).

  

 
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February 14, 2018 8:00PM - 9:00PM
Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

Today we cover the opinions of the Baal ha-Tanya of Lubavitch, the Radbaz of Egypt, the Chacham Tsvi of Amsterdam, and the Mishna Brura.

 

 
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February 21, 2018 8:00PM - 9:00PM
Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

The opinion of the Nishmat Adam (by R. Avraham Danzig) based on the Sefer Hasidim.

 
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March 7, 2018 8:00PM - 9:00PM
Zeal & Mitzvot: How Fast Should You Run?

What is better: asking an agent to perform a mitsva for you with zeal or performing it yourself with delay?

Should you spend money to perform a mitsva with zeal?

R. Moshe Feinstein's opinion regarding wives following their husbands' opinions.

 

 
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