Apologizing Before Yom Kippur
The Mishna in Masechet Yoma is curious about what kinds of sins Yom Kippur atones for and concludes it only wipes the slate clean between man and God. When it comes to things people did to each other, there must be an appeasement process, but the Gemara presents differing opinions what that might be. Join Rabbi Yitzhak Zuriel and explore the rabbinic perspectives in the the text of the Gemara on apologizing before Yom Kippur. What happens if a person tries and does not succeed? What happens if a person does not accept?
Apologizing Before Yom Kippur: The Atonement of Yom Kippur and Its Limitation
In this short Elul series of shiurim, we will explore the gemara’s text concerning the need to appease someone we have wronged, before we can deserve the atonement of Yom Kippur.
In this first shiur, we will review, and make sure we understand in a precise way, the atonement that Yom Kippur brings for various kinds of transgressions. Then we will see the gemara’s explanation of verses from Tanach that either support, or need to be reconciled with the limitation of Yom Kippur’s atonement power when it comes to sins between man and man.
Apologizing Before Yom Kippur: Apologizing Before Yom Kippur
Shalom, I sincerely apologize to all interested students for forgetting to push the “record” button for this shiur! So there is no recording. Sorry..
I will report here on what we covered in this class, so that you can follow it together with the presentation that I will post here.
In the previous shiur, we began reading the mishna found in the middle of the page of the gemara at Masechet Yoma 85b. We discussed the power of atonement of Yom Kippur, and the limits to that atonement power, first from the beginning sentences of the mishna itself and then from the Rambam Hilchot Teshuva ch. 1. We then discussed the statement in the mishna relevant to our present Elul study, regarding the conditional power of Yom Kippur to atone, when it comes to transgressions between man and fellow man.
In this shiur, we read the first 3-4 lines of the gemara that discusses the above line of mishna (17 lines up from the bottom of Yoma 87a) and translated and broke it into its sequential parts. Since the difficulty with the mishna raised by Rav Yosef ben Habo is from a verse in Shmuel I chapter 2 (v. 25), we read together the verses of that chapter that provide context for the above verse. Then we went back to the gemara and gave an understanding of the first exchange in the discussion between Rav Yosef bar Habo and Rabbi Abahu on the apparent contradiction between that verse and our mishna. In the next shiur we will continue to the end of this discussion and read Rashi’s explanation of it, before we move on to the next part of the gemara.
Apologizing Before Yom Kippur: How should we apologize and how far does it go?
The summary of what was done in the previous shiur is in the notes for that session, above, and the source material to be used in this shiur is posted there also,
At the beginning of this shiur, we will continue with the dialog between Rav Yosef ben Habo and R. Abahu concerning the verse in Shmuel I chapter 2, and reach a clear understanding of how in the end R. Abahu explains the verse. We will read the comments and explanations of Rashi on this piece. Then we will continue on to the following segments of the gemara, which define the extent of the requirement to appease the wronged party. Finally, and time allowing, we will read the first stories brought in the gemara which help us understand the way the amoraim view this requirement and its boundaries.
Apologizing Before Yom Kippur: Stories of the Amoraim – Sensitivity towards the One Needing to Apologize
In this shiur, the final one of this series for Elul, we will read and discuss a few stories brought in the gemara about amoraim that teach us a surprising and perhaps unexpected degree of sensitivity towards the party that committed the wrong and needs to apologize.
Rabbi Yitzhak Zuriel has been enjoying guiding students in how to learn and understand Talmud at WebYeshiva.org since its founding. He began his teaching career as a teacher and educational director at Michlelet Bruria in the 1980s. For over 20 years, he has been working as a software engineer in Jerusalem, and during that time has been an editor and contributor to the company NDS's Torah journal, Chiddushei Torah@NDS, that was published annually from 1996-2014 . He and his wife reside in Ma'ale Adumim and are parents to five children and have many grandchildren.