Daf Yomi Sukkah
Join Rabbi Gidon Rothstein for a daily shiur of the Daf Yomi Masechet Sukkah given each morning from the Young Israel of Scarsdale, New York. For the previous masechet, click HERE for the Daf Yomi Yoma course.
PLEASE NOTE: Classes are NOT held on Shabbat (Saturday) or Jewish holidays. For those days and any other days when the teacher may not be available at the regularly scheduled time, a pre-recorded lesson will be posted. The live classes will take place Sundays at 7:30am EST and Monday-Friday at 6:15am EST.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 3–סוכה ג
Sukkah 3a and Sukkah 3b, defending the possibility that a sukkah could be as small as 7 tefahim by 7 tefahim (Beit Shammai’s view, accepted as normative halachah), the two disagreements between Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel about a sukkah, its bare size and if the table is in the house, and then a series of areas where a structure must be 4 amot by 4 amot to count as a house.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 6–סוכה ו
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 7–סוכה ז
Sukkah 7a and Sukkah 7b, where to put the third wall of the sukkah, how sukkah walls can count for Shabbat purposes on the Shabbat of Sukkot, and vice verse, how Shabbat walls can count for a sukkah on that Shabbat, and then the tannaim who held a sukkah had to be a dirat keva, a structure with some permanence.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 8–סוכה ח
Sukkah 8a and Sukkah 8b, figuring out the circumference of a circular sukkah that could contain within it a minimal sized sukkah, the problem of a permanent room being a sukkah, and sukkot built by those not obligated or built only for temporary other purposes.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 10–סוכה י
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 11–סוכה יא
Sukkah 11a and Sukkah 11b, kinds of bed coverings within a sukkah that do not invalidate it, what to do with items still growing out of the ground that we want to use as sechach, whether cutting it away from the ground after it already is on top of the Sukkah is enough of an action to make it sechach, and why sechach has to grow from the ground and not be susceptible to ritual impurity.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 12–סוכה יב
Sukkah 12a and Sukkah 12b, how we know schach must be made of materials not susceptible to ritual impurity, why bundles of straw or wood cannot be sechach, with a rabbinic problem and a Biblical one of ta’aseh ve-lo min ha-asui, what kind of opening makes a piece of wood susceptible to ritual impurity, and whether a foul odor makes something invalid as schach.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 13–סוכה יג
Sukkah 13a and Sukkah 13b, materials for sechach, that they cannot discourage people from sitting in a sukkah, what kind of bundles do not create problems for sechach, how names affect our use of items for various purposes, and what counts as part of materials going into sechach.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 14–סוכה יד
Sukkah 14a and Sukkah 14b, finishing figuring out how yadot, attachment pieces of produce, could be rendered unimportant for food purposes (and therefore valid as sechach), and then a new Mishnah about the issue of nesarim, whether large planks of wood, are problematic for sechach because they look too much like roofs.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 15–סוכה טו
Sukkah 15a and Sukkah 15b, three versions of why there are two Mishnayot presenting the debate about whether there is a gezerat tikrah, we cannot use large planks of wood for sechach lest we just sit under roofs. Then, using invalid sechach by having equal or more valid sechach, and how we can be sure we have more.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 16–סוכה טז
Sukkah 16a and Sukkah 16b, which leftover materials are still susceptible to ritual impurity and therefore invalid as sechach, which no longer susceptible materials are nonetheless still invalid as sechach, and then how we can construct walls, whether a hanging wall is acceptable, and how lavud lets us see a full wall with much less than full material.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 18–סוכה יח
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 19-סוכה יט
Sukkah 19a and Sukkah 19b, finishing the discussion of pi tikrah, the ceiling being envisioned as coming down and making a wall, four options in what sechach ha-yotzei is, sechach that extends from the sukkah in some way, the rules of slanted sechach, and whether mats of reeds, large or small, are assumed to be for sechach or for mattresses.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 20–סוכה כ
Sukkah 20a and Sukkah 20b, finishing the first chapter with a discussion of the kinds of mats we assume are for sleeping on (and therefore not valid as sechach), which mats are susceptible both to tumat met and midras, the kind of ritual impurity conveyed by a zav or zavah sitting or lying on it, how a ridge or railing around a mat converts it into a usable item and therefore is invalid as sechach. Then, beginning the second chapter, sleeping under a bed and how that affects one’s sukkah observance.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 21–סוכה כא
Sukkah 21a and Sukkah 21b, how we know whether R. Yehudah requires a covering to be man made, how that affects the ceremony for securing water for the parah adumah, how that relates to the question of sleeping under a sukkah, and then the issue of using a bed as support for sechach, and the possible reasons R. Yehudah disallows it.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 22–סוכה כב
Sukkah 22a and Sukkah 22b, when we can have different levels of sechach combine to make a valid covering, for Sukkah, for tumat ohel (the ritual impurity of sharing a space with human remains), and for eruv; how we measure more sun than shade; the beginnings of sukkot in strange places, on a carriage, ship, animal, or in a tree.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 23–סוכה כג
Sukkah 23a and Sukkah 23b, how sturdy the walls of a sukkah have to be, wind-wise, and then the issues of using animals either as the floor of the sukkah or the walls of a sukkah, with the issue of whether we are required to worry about possible death.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 24–סוכה כד
Sukkah 24a and Sukkah 24b, figuring out R. Meir and R. Yehudah’s positions on considering death and/or breakage realistic possibilities, bererah (whether later events can define an earlier occurrence), using animals for a get, and using trees or bushes as a wall for a sukkah.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 25–סוכה כה
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 26–סוכה כו
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 27–סוכה כז
Sukkah 27a and Sukkah 27b, disagreements between R. Eliezer and Hachamim about what makes the sukkah one’s residence for the holiday, whether one must eat a certain number of meals there, own the sukkah, use only one sukkah on the holiday, and the verses that teach each their views.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 28–סוכה כח
Sukkah 28a and Sukkah 28b, the students of Hillel, especially R. Yohanan b. Zakkai, and their remarkable qualities, how we know women are exempt from the mitzvah and why it is not just an example of an obligation with a time component, children and sukkah.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 29–סוכה כט
Sukkah 29a and Sukkah 29b, finishing issues of the sukkah, how to demonstrate one is living in the sukkah throughout the holiday (what activities to do there), what kind of rain exempts from living in the sukkah, for how long, and why it is a sign of Gd’s displeasure, then closing out the chapter with other signs of Gd’s displeasure. Then onto the 3rd chapter, what disqualifies a lulav.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 30–סוכה ל
Sukkah 30a and Sukkah 30b, whether a sin attached to accessing a mitzvah invalidates the item permanently (like a brazenly expropriated lulav), what events after a theft can lead to a change of ownership, ye’ush alone (the despair of the original owner), or additional changes, of possession, of function, of name.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 31-סוכה לא
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 32–סוכה לב
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 33–סוכה לג
Sukkah 33a and Sukkah 33b, the qualifications for hadasim (and, at the very end of the daf, aravot), but especially the question of dihui, whether an item of mitzvah can become permanently invalid by virtue of having become temporarily invalid, and how that affects a hadas branch that has a lot of berries on it the person removed.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 34–סוכה לד
Sukkah 34a and Sukkah 34b, the qualifications for an aravah, the metaphor of Gd having hoped the Jewish people would be like an aravah by the river and their unfortunate choices, items whose names have changed over time, how many of each species in the lulav bundle, and the qualifications for an etrog.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 35–סוכה לה
Sukkah 345a and Sukkah 35b, ways to understand the verse to indicate etrog is what is meant by peri etz hadar, the requirement of edibility and possibly financial stakes in an etrog, why terumah or ma’aser sheni ideally should not be used for an etrog, and other possible disqualifiers.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 36–סוכה לו
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 37–סוכה לז
Sukkah 37a and Sukkah 37b, proving that R. Yehudah would agree that other parts of the palm tree can be used to tie the lulav to the hadasim and aravot, Rabah and Rava’s disagreements about the role of hatzitzot, barriers, in holding the lulav, and a first discussion of shaking the lulav in Hallel.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 38–סוכה לח
Sukkah 38a and Sukkah 38b, when we have to interrupt what we’re doing to perform a mitzvah, how people can fulfill an obligatory recitation when they do not know how to recite it themselves, and the principles demonstrated by the communal recitation of Hallel.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 40–סוכה מ
Sukkah 40a and Sukkah 40b, when to calculate the shemittah year for an etrog, why wood would or would not be considered shemittah produce, and whether redemption is effective to remove shemittah status from an item switched for a shemittah product, or only purchase.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 41–סוכה מא
Sukkah 41a and Sukkah 41b, when it is possible to redeem and/or purchase shemittah materials so as to relieve them of their shemittah status, R. Yohanan b. Zakkai’s rules to remember the Temple, including why we cannot eat new produce until after the 16th of Nisan, and the idea of owning the lulav on the first day of Sukko
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 42–סוכה מב
Sukkah 42a and Sukkah 42b, finishing Lulav Ha-Gazul with issues of what kind of inattentive picking up of a lulav nonetheless fulfills the mitzvah, what kinds of errors R. Yose exempts because of involvement in a mitzvah, and the stages of educating a child to perform mitzvot. Then, on to Lulav Va-Aravah, how many days of Sukkot we perform various practices.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 43–סוכה מג
Sukkah 43a and Sukkah 43b, why we do or don’t perform the mitzvah of lulav when the first day of Sukkot is Shabbat, in Israel and out, and the same for aravah, circling the altar either with a willow branch or the lulav bundle. With a side discussion of how we know lulav is only during the day and the mitzvah of sukkah is day and night.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 44–סוכה מד
Sukkah 44a and Sukkah 44b, why we observe lulav for seven days in commemoration of the Temple, and aravah only one day, whether aravah is a Biblical or halachah le-Moshe mi-Sinai, or was set up by the prophets, either as a fixed practice or a custom, the needed appearance of the aravah, and how we fulfill the practice. With scattered shemittah issues as well.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 46–סוכה מו
Sukkah 46a and Sukkah 46b, issues of berachot: when we make a shehehiyanu on lulav and sukkah, how often we make a beracha on such practices (and tefillin), whether and based on what source we recite blessings for rabbinic commandments, and how we treat the lulav and sukkah on the seventh and eighth days of Sukkot.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 48–סוכה מח
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 49–סוכה מט
Sukkah 49a and Sukkah 49b, the shitin, the drain pipes under the altar, when they were created, and how they were used to beautify the service, from there to ideas about privacy in Torah study and other activities, and from there–because of the verses cited as prooftexts–to a comparison of tzedakah, charity, to hessed, kindnesses.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 50–סוכה נ
Sukkah 50 and Sukkah 50b, the water drawn on Friday for libation on Shabbat, the kind of container it had to be in, whether there was a maximum amount, and why it could not be left uncovered, and then the use of a flute as part of the Simhat Beit HaShoevah, whether musical instruments were necessary for accompanying sacrifices, and what that teaches about the utensils of the Temple generally.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 51–סוכה נא
Sukkah 51a and Sukkah 51b, the musical instruments question, how essential it was to the accompaniment of the sacrifices, and whether there was a debate about allowing it for Simhat Beit HaShoevah. Then, describing the celebration, with other elements of Jewish life that were more beautiful than anyone has seen.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 52–סוכה נב
Sukkah 52a and Sukkah 52b, from figuring out how a balcony was allowed to be put up in the Temple for beit ha-sho’evah celebrations to ideas about the yetzer ha-ra, the evil inclination, its character, how it works it way into our beings, and the importance of resisting it.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 53–סוכה נג
Sukkah 53a and Sukkah 53b, more elements of the celebration of the libating of the water, with digressions to the balance between choice and fate, the danger when David dug the shitin, and then onto the issue of blowing trumpets and how many times in the Beit HaMikdash day.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 54–סוכה נד
Sukkah 54a and Sukkah 54b, the blowings of the trumpets accompanying various Temple services, especially whether we agree with R. Aha b. Hanina’s baraita, that we blow trumpets with each Musaf offering, and whether we played with the calendar to make sure Yom Kippur did not happen on a Sunday.
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 55–סוכה נה
Daf Yomi Sukkah: Sukkah 56–סוכה נו
Sukkah 56a and Sukkah 56b, how the kohanim shared and didn’t share benefits of the week of a holiday, and the days leading up to and after when they are close to the holiday. Closing the tractate with a story of how we are all connected to each other, for the good and for the not good.
Rabbi Dr. Gidon Rothstein has semicha from YU (RIETS) and a PhD from Harvard. He has worked in shul rabbinate, high school and adult education. He is the author of both fiction and non-fiction, most recently "As If We Were There: Readings for a Transformative Passover Experience". He lives in Riverdale, NY.