Rabbi Yehoshua's Yom Kippur
In the Talmud there is the famous story of two Yom Kippurs. The Yom Kippur of Rabban Gamliel and the Yom Kippur of Rabbi Yehoshua. Rabban Gamliel was deposed for demeaning Rabbi Yehoshua and demanding that he come to him on Yom Kippur according to his calendar. Join Rabbi David Sedley as he provides the story background and discusses the fundamental difference of approach between these two great minds.
Rabbi Yehoshua's Yom Kippur: Rabban Gamliel’s Yom Kippur
This shiur begins with the conclusion of last week’s class – why Jews outside of Israel keep two days of each festival and different systems for counting years that were in place before the current custom of counting from creation.
Then we look at the famous dispute between Rabban Gamliel and Rabbi Yehoshua over which day should be Yom Kippur. We also discuss their other major disputes which ultimately led to Rabban Gamliel losing his position as head of the Sanhedrin in Yavneh. And we look at the backgrounds of the two men and why they had such different outlooks on Judaism and halakha.
Rabbi David Sedley lives in Jerusalem with his wife and six children. He was born and raised in New Zealand before making Aliya in 1992. He left Israel temporarily (for eight years) to serve as a communal Rabbi in Scotland and England and returned to Israel in 2004. He has translated Rabbeinu Yonah's commentary on Pirkei Avos and is the co-author of Sefiros: Spiritual Refinement Through Counting the Omer (both Judaica Press). Over the years Rabbi Sedley has worked as a journalist, a translator, a video director and in online reputation management. He also writes a weekly Torah blog on the Times of Israel - https://blogs.timesofisrael.com/author/david-sedley.