The Ten Martyrs
On Yom Kippur, during the Musaf prayer, we mention the deaths of the Ten Martyrs, killed by the Romans during the time of the Second Temple. The Martyrs are: Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, Rabbi Ishmael ben Elisha ha-Kohen, Rabbi Akiva, Rabbi Haninah ben Teradion, Rabbi Hutzpit the Interpreter, Rabbi Elazar ben Shamua, Rabbi Hanina ben Hakinai, Rabbi Yesheivav the Scribe, Rabbi Judah ben Dama, and Rabbi Judah ben Baba. Join Rabbi David Sedley as he looks at their lives and teachings and why they are mentioned at this time.
The Ten Martyrs: Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel and Rabbi Yishmael ben Elisha
In this class I discuss the lives and teachings of the first two of the Ten Martyrs, killed by the Romans at the end of the Second Temple period.
The two great rabbis discussed in this class are Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, a fourth-generation descendant of Hillel, and Rabbi Yishmael ben Elisha, the High Priest.
We compare how their stories are recorded in the Yom Kippur Mussaf service, the Midrash Eleh Ezkera, and how they are mentioned in the writings of Josephus.
The Ten Martyrs: The other seven martyrs
In this class we look at the lives, teachings and deaths of seven of the Ten Martyrs killed by the Romans in the first and second century.
Rabbi Chanina ben Teradyon
Rabbi Judah ben Bava
Rabbi Yehuda ben Damah
Rabbi Hutzpit the Interpreter
Rabbi Chanina ben Chachinai
Rabbi Yeshaivav the Scribe
Rabbi Eleazar ben Shammua
Rabbi David Sedley lives in Jerusalem with his wife and six children. He was born and raised in New Zealand before making Aliya in 1992. He left Israel temporarily (for eight years) to serve as a communal Rabbi in Scotland and England and returned to Israel in 2004. He has translated Rabbeinu Yonah's commentary on Pirkei Avos and is the co-author of Sefiros: Spiritual Refinement Through Counting the Omer (both Judaica Press). Over the years Rabbi Sedley has worked as a journalist, a translator, a video director and in online reputation management. He also writes a weekly Torah blog on the Times of Israel.